The Royal Family
Her Majesty the Queen In 1972, Queen Margrethe II became the first female Danish Sovereign under the new Act of Succession. During her youth, the Queen studied archeology and political science at universities in Denmark, England, and France. In 1969, the Heiress Presumptive married a French diplomat, Henri de Laborde de Monpezat, who received the style and title of "His Royal Highness Prince Henrik of Denmark". Two children were produced from this union: Frederik André Henrik Christian, Crown Prince of Denmark was born on 26 May 1968; and Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian, Prince of Denmark, was born on 7 June 1969. The Crown Prince Couple As heir to the Danish thrown, Crown Prince Frederik has always known that one day he would become the 10th Frederik in the long succession of Danish monarchs. For more than 500 years, the name Frederik has been linked to the Danish monarchy. Prince Frederik studied at Harvard University from 1992-1993, and received an MSc in Political Science from the University of Aarhus in 1995. The Crown Prince was posted as a First Secretary to the Danish Embassy in Paris from 1998 to 1999. He has completed extensive military studies and training in all three services, notably completing education as a sailor in the naval elite special operations forces. In 2004, Crown Prince Frederik married Tasmanian-born Mary Elizabeth Donaldson, an Australian marketing consultant whom the prince met when he was attending the Sydney Olympics in 2000. Mary Elizabeth Donaldson received the title of "Crown Princess Mary Elizabeth of Denmark". Crown Princess Mary is an active patron of many national foundations and organizations. The Crown Prince Couple have four children: Prince Christian Valdemar Henri John, born on 15 October 2005, Princess Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe, born on 21 April 2007, and the newborn twins from 8 January 2011. Royal Palaces HM The Queen and HRH The Prince Consort reside at various royal palaces. In winter, the Royal Couple reside at Amalienborg. Standing in the palace square with the Marble Church behind you, you will see the Queen's residence on the right nearest the waterfront. The changing of the guards takes place daily at noon. In spring and autumn, the Queen and the Prince Consort take up residence in the Fredensborg Palace, which is also the permanent residence of the Crown Prince Couple. Summers are spent in the Marselisborg and Gråsten Palaces in Jutland, in the Château de Cayx in France, and onboard the Royal vessel Dannebrog. Tasks and Duties as Head of State The sovereign is above party politics and will refrain from making political statements. Denmark is a constitutional monarchy, which means that the sovereign cannot perform political acts independently. Although the Queen signs all acts of legislation before they can become law, these only come into effect when they have been countersigned by a cabinet minister. The Queen hosts official visits by foreign heads of state and pays state visits abroad. The sovereign's main tasks are to represent the Kingdom abroad and to be a unifying figurehead in Denmark. The Queen will perform such tasks by accepting invitations to open exhibitions, attending anniversaries, inaugurating bridges, and by addressing the Danish people in the annually televised New Year's Speech. Financing the Royal Household The Royal Household annually receives grants of approximately 90 million Danish kroner. These state grants are to cover staff, household and administration expenditures as well as private expenses.